Waterproof Hiking Boots – why I just say ‘no’.

In my previous Great Cape Escape post I mention ‘arguing with outdoor shops about footwear’. Several people have kindly asked what on earth this (friendly) argument might have been about.

paddling in the garbh allt

In the British hills, this is known as a ‘path’.

I’m no outdoors expert but I do have a few miles under my feet in the British hills. Over those miles I’ve acquired a buzzy and eccentric-sounding bee in my bonnet about ‘waterproof’ hiking footwear, and a strong preference for trail shoes over boots. For a multi-week hike over more or less continuously wet terrain, counter-intuitively, I’ve come to regard heavy, ‘waterproof’ footwear as a waste of money and even counterproductive.

If your outdoor activity is more in the way of scuttling up dryish, rocky, high hills at the weekend, or running, or scrambling or winter mountaineering you won’t find these reflections useful. If you’re a fellow long-haul bog-plodder I’ll be interested to know whether you share my damply and stinkily acquired prejudice.

Observation one: on a long distance trail, your problems come more from inside your footwear than from outside.

In my opinion ventilation, hygiene and freedom from blisters are more important than either waterproofing or ankle support. By the way I walk with poles, if you don’t use these ankle support may be more important.

I’ve personally found that on a multi-week hike, my footwear can be astonishingly minimal as long as the insoles give enough arch support and shock absorption and I carry waterproof socks for cold conditions.


Many walkers in tightly-laced, heavy, wet boots are noticeably reluctant to remove them when they stop to rest. Lightweight shoes can be kicked off in seconds, so you can much more easily air your feet.

Note the emphasis on ‘multi-week’ and ‘long distance’. In my experience the different needs of trail walkers compared to weekend walkers only start to really become apparent in the second week of continuous hiking. Not to mention the second half-century of age.

Observation two: on a multi-week hike, ‘waterproof’ footwear doesn’t stay ‘waterproof’.

I’m the first to admit that this is a small sample, but I’ve now walked three Pennine Ways in mid-price Gore-tex lined footwear: Karrimor KSB hybrid boots, Scarpa Ranger leather boots and Salomon X-Ultra* trail shoes. On all three of these hikes my footwear started to leak at around day nine, and all three times in exactly the same place – at the flex zone between the toe and the laces.

One thing this tells us is that most people who buy ‘waterproof’ hiking footwear will get four weekends of perfectly happy use out of it, and let’s face it that’s probably as much total use as many hiking boots get. A weekend hike with dry feet must be quite a pleasant experience, I really must try it sometime.

I found, by the way, that no amount of externally applied ‘waterproofer’ could subsequently fix this leakage once the membrane had broken down, certainly not under the pressure of further continuous hiking in soaking wet conditions.

You’ll have twigged by now that I’ve taken to wearing non-waterproof shoes in which – gulp – my feet can potentially get wet all the time, actually wet and from day one. Surely, you might reasonably ask, eight days of dry feet at the start of a trail is better than zero days of dry feet? I asked that too.

Observation three: once it gets wet, ‘waterproof’ footwear doesn’t ‘breathe’.

Even in those initial eight days your feet are not dry. They are stewing, rubbing, wrinkling and festering in their own sweat, because whatever membrane manufacturers may claim, I’ve concluded that in the British hills ‘breathable’ waterproof footwear is a myth.

northumberland mountain refuge hut cheviot hills

By day 15 on the Pennine Way these Scarpa Ranger boots were completely, permanently soaked. If you pressed a finger into the leather, water oozed out. Their membrane can’t ‘breathe’ through their permanently soaked leather as there’s no moisture differential across it. Inside them trench foot was developing nicely, and itching maddeningly

A membrane will breathe if there’s a moisture differential across it, preferably also a temperature difference across it, and a flow of air over the outside. Clearly, breathable shell jackets and overtrousers often (though not always) comply with at least one of these conditions, hence they’re not a myth, they’re awesomely brilliant and have certainly transformed my hillwalking.

If you’re plodding through bogs all day and for multiple weeks, the outside of your footwear quite soon becomes permanently soaking wet. The airflow across your feet is negligible as they’re down in the boggy vegetation.

wales coast path gwynedd hiking walking

Even the most technical membrane cannot breathe when it’s completely covered in wet poo…

The above laws of breathability tell us that in such conditions ‘breathing’ of said footwear cannot occur. All the membrane is then doing is keeping your feet confined in their own stinky old sweat, rather than allowing them to interact dynamically with the wet environment.

The situation gets worse once the leaks start, at around day nine on the trail. Bog water enters the boot from small points of membrane failure, wicks throughout your sock and can’t get out.

Your feet are now sitting all day wrinkly-stinkly in a static cocktail of sweat and bog gunk. Nice fresh water from puddles and streams can’t flush this horridness out, because apart from the points of failure at the flex zone, most of your boot is still waterproof.

In the first few days the net effect of all this is to make the small blisters you inevitably pick up at the start of a hike bigger and squidgier, more prone to infection and slower to heal. Subsequently the skin of your feet starts to rot, the itching driving you crazy.

Even if you encounter a dry stretch of the trail and/or a sunny day, your feet will take ages to dry because even the most ‘breathable’ waterproof membrane sheds water vapour much more slowly than simple permeable mesh or fabric, especially if it’s encased in soaking wet leather.

Whereas, give my non-waterproof mesh shoes a couple of hours of skipping along in sunshine and a nice breeze and they’re virtually dry. In contrast, once my membrane-lined leather boots are wet, that’s it, they stay wet for the rest of the trail. Unless, that is, I’m lucky enough to be able to shrink and crack them overnight in a drying room, and that’s another can of worms.

highlands scotland hiking

Thirty-five days’ hiking in permeable mesh shoes, and my feet are completely free from either blisters or trench foot. They didn’t even smell! When I walked the Pennine Way in ‘waterproof’ footwear they stank.

South of the British Isles and ironically in generally drier conditions breathable ‘waterproof’ hiking footwear could make more sense. If trails are mostly dry underfoot and your feet are getting wet only intermittently, say from morning vegetation or sudden rainstorms, their materials might well work as intended, until their ninth day on the trail anyway. However, if trails are mostly dry, why bother? What’s the big deal about intermittently wet feet?

Well, the deal gets big if and when wet feet are accompanied by low temperatures. If your feet are wet while hiking through slush or snow or in a hard morning frost, you potentially have a problem. Walking the Pennine Way in early April and in leaky ‘waterproof’ boots, I did experience a teeny weeny touch of frostbite (although my ears copped it worse).

For this reason I now carry Sealskinz waterproof socks in case my wet feet get too cold in my non-waterproof trail shoes. On the Scottish National Trail in April/May I needed these only about one day in six, even though I was on occasions walking through snowstorms and several nights had ice in my tent.

There’s another way to look at this issue. Suppose you really can’t get used to nasty old fresh water entering your footwear from outside and despite my wittering on here you still prefer your tootsies to stew all day in nothing but their nice, warm, claggy sweat. Here’s a simple calculation comparing costs of going ‘waterproof’, simple being the only kind I can manage.

Say a pair of mid-price Gore-tex lined boots costs £160 and they stay reliably waterproof for eight days of rough, boggy hill walking, as per my real world experience on the Pennine Way. That’s twenty quid a day for stinky, sweaty feet and no say in the matter. Probably blisters too.

My Salomon X-Ultra Prime non-waterproof shoes cost seventy quid and lasted me seven hundred miles of rough hill walking. Say 17.5 miles a day, 40 days, that’s £1.75 a day. Sealskinz cost £20 – £25, so even if they only lasted eight days like the boots that’s about three quid a day. Call it a fiver a day in total for continuously waterproof footwear, as opposed to twenty.

In fact I’ve carried my present Sealskinz in my pack, only intermittently needing to wear them, for about eight weeks of hiking and they’re still fine. So in reality I’ve had the ability flexibly to waterproof my feet as and when needed on the trail for about 50p a trail day, hence arguably a real cost to date of £2.25 a day and still decreasing.

I’ve only really discussed the ‘waterproofing’ issue, because my take on this seems to surprise people. Lots of other people more knowledgeable than me have discussed boots versus shoes. All I can really add is that I’ve personally come to like minimal footwear and to consider ankle support something of a myth. I would stick to boots if you’ve a tendency to turn your ankles, especially if you don’t like walking with poles. If in shoes, take care on the first few days of your hike as it takes a while for ankles to strengthen.

I’ve never had any trouble with my ankles, touch wood, apart from badly turning one near the top of Snowdon on Boxing Day 1977 (I limped back down to the car park but then couldn’t drive and had to sleep in the back of my Triumph Herald, it was perishing). This happened while I was wearing extremely stiff old school Hawkins leather boots, with steel shanks in the soles. The Great Stone Chute in the Cuillins wore all the stitching off the back – Hawkins just re-stitched them, those were the days. They were stolen from my allotment twenty-five years later and for all I know could still be going strong.

Getting on a bit, I have had problems with knees, metatarsals and shin splints. Hence I’m personally more interested in shock absorption than ankle support and in fact I routinely replace all insoles, however fancy, with Sorbothane Double Strikes. I also find that having less weight on the ends of my feet transforms my oldie stamina. I’m convinced by the oldie adage that a pound on your foot equals multiple pounds in your pack.

One thing I have noticed with shoes as opposed to boots is poorer grip. Obviously this could be a very serious problem if your hike involves exposed scrambling. Transitioning from Scarpa boots to Salomon shoes I had to modify my gait on rocky descents to adapt to their different distribution of grip.

salomon X-Ultra trail shoe review hiking trekking

Salomon shoes have virtually no grip at the back of the heel, and what they do have wears quickly. *Update 2019 – this looks to be vastly improved on their latest model.

Incidentally, if you are wearing shoes rather than boots paying extra for the shoes to be ‘waterproof’ is even more nonsensical, because as soon as you step into a bog the water pours into them over their tops.

garbh allt sutherland rhiconich scotland highlands

Only waders will keep your feet dry on the Cape Wrath Trail, and who wants to hike in them? This is a river, not a ‘path’, you can tell because I’ve taken my socks off.

I find gaiters fiddly and noisy, and I’ve never come across any that prevented water rising into them from below, although for all I know they may be available at a crazy price. I was a big fan of gaiters when I used to hike in polycotton trousers that were quite chilly when wet. Now I have Haglöfs synthetic trousers that dry in a wink in the slightest breeze and on my last Pennine Way my gaiters were just redundant pack weight.

Still, your body and your needs may be different from mine and many readers’ experience will also be more extensive. Otherwise I hope you find my limited, personal experience interesting.

*these are ‘waterproof’, as opposed to the permeable Salomon X-Ultra Primes I use now. The Salomon website is an impenetrable labyrinth of despair, so there may be other options I haven’t had a spare lifetime to find out about.


  1. Interesting take. I find boots really hard to walk in but I have various foot / ankle problems and have always felt them necessary. Maybe I need to rethink – though I don’t like poles either.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks as always for your interest. Yes every body’s different and different vulnerabilities mean different priorities. I’m a total convert to poles for multi-day hikes with a full pack. For higher rockier hikes with a light pack I’d probably stick to boots, and poles can be a positive nuisance if you have to scramble. bw A

      Liked by 1 person

  2. Trevor Watson · · Reply

    Nice article and another interesting perspective on the subject. I have some Salomon Gore-tex boots which got some wear in the wet last winter around the Peak District. I was extremely dismayed when they both started to leak on a particularly wet and boggy walk. Now I’ve replaced them with Scarpa Delta GTX (for 3 late-summer days in the high Cairngorms with a big pack) and you have me worried that after a few more miles over this coming winter they’ll go too. That would be a waste of £180 😦

    I’m a trail runner, so I concur with your comments about shoes. The best ones (Inov-8 in my opinion) push excess water out as you go. So whilst they may stay damp, you don’t have an in-built paddling pool. I also wear SealSkinz socks on icy/wet-snow runs in the winter as it stops that freezing water from freezing my tootsies. They don’t last much more than half a dozen runs (maybe 50 miles), which is annoying, but even when they leak, the water inside gets warm and stays warm.

    I’m hoping to do some long-distance walks (including the Cape Wrath Trail one day) in the next few years, so I’ll take your advice and start experimenting with trail shoes instead of boots

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks for taking the time to leave these interesting comments. Good luck with the boots, somebody must make some that are more reliable! I’m no runner but I do stumble a few km around the heath at home for exercise and yes my Inov-8 Mudclaws are my go-tos for wet days, I bought those when I found my Salomon shoes didn’t have enough enough tread for running on wet muddy slopes but I still stick with the Salomon’s for hiking as the Inov-8 soles don’t give the impression of being very hard wearing. The other issue with the Mudclaws is they only come in
      Precision fit and my feet are quite wide. Even so the Mudclaws are pretty comfy, but I’ll probably try Roclites next as they come in standard apparently. Best wishes Andrew


  3. Steve Dee · · Reply

    I use leather boots with dubbin and find it a pretty good way of keeping my feet dry on multi week hikes, I carry waterproof socks in case the innards of the boots ever do get wet, from say, going in deep water by accident. Those gore-tex waterproof membranes are useless, they aren’t much use to start with and they wear out very quickly. Also if you read carefully in the small print what they mean by waterproofing it is so specific as to be meaningless.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. That makes a lot of sense Steve, thanks. I have some Altberg Leder-gris but found even that didn’t rescue leather-plus-membrane boots once the membrane had gone. Your suggestion has reimnded me that I do quite fancy trying some simple leather and dubbin boots for winter walking, if I can still find any to buy these days 😉 Best wishes.


  4. I am with you on NO boots! I use trail running shoes on all my long distance treks, love them. I take extra socks so on rainy days, I can change out of wet socks just about every hour. More and more people hiking the PCT (Pacific Crest Trail) in the states are trading in their boots for trail runners. They are lighter and generally you will have less chance of blisters. It is rare if I get even one blister on my long distance treks.

    Great post!


    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks Sheri for visiting my blog and for your kind comment. That’s really interesting about the PCT which I guess goes a lot higher up than any trail in the UK. All good wishes A

      Liked by 1 person

  5. Salomon Quest for me with goretex liners for when its really wet. I wear them because they are comfy, fit well and give me the right support.

    Liked by 1 person

  6. Very interesting, thanks, they could well be a better bet than shoes for colder conditions. bw, A


    1. Thank you very much! Best wishes for the festive season 😉

      Liked by 1 person

      1. Have a good time yourself 😉


  7. Really interesting article, used merill walking shoes for years in all weathers buta few years ago I think they must have changed supplier and I had to return several pairs with faults which they replaced, biggest problem I had with shoes was the tip of the shoe where the sole joins the shoe as it tends to come away.
    Now switched to Altberg boots which get a good cleaning and waxing after every walk, early days but no leaks and no sweaty feet so far, most of my toe nails are wrecked through damp from walking shoes.
    Thanks for such a interesting article


    1. You’re welcome Duncan, thanks for stopping by and taking the trouble to comment. I’ve often wondered about Altberg from the point of view of supporting a forward-looking, innovative British company (although I don’t think most of their boots are actually made in Britain). I think I’d have to go to Richmond for a fitting though (I tend to fall between standard sizes). I have their Leder Gris in both original and xtreme and found it bafflingly ineffective on leaky Scarpa Rangers, maybe I was using it wrongly or the boots were just too far gone. About the only thing I know for sure is that the only way to find out what actually works outdoors is listening to other walkers, the staff in the outdoor shops these days seem just as baffled by all the choices as I am! Best wishes.


  8. Hey andrew,
    Thanks for sharing your experience. We totally agree! After purchasing several waterproof Boots during the last years we now stick with our simple trail running shoes and the sealskinz and are really fine! Even if the feet get slightly wet they dry up quickly without any blisters and stink.
    Greetings from germany and perhaps see you on the trail some day
    Friedel from lecw 🙂

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you Friedel for visiting my blog and for this kind encouragement. Greetings and alles gute to you too.

      Liked by 1 person

  9. 20 years I had old faithful Meindel boots, but they gave up just before walking Lady Anne’s Way last year, so I bought some ‘identical’ new ones, but with gtx lining. Worked well in colder, rockier conditions, but in June this year did Hadrians Way Path. Day 1 was 20+ miles in 23+ temperatures, feet swollen and sweaty, and by the day’s end my toes were bad … blackened nails, bloody blisters, …
    Next 2 days I walked in pain, never daring to take boots off. 6 weeks later and toes still in recover. I’ve now bought some lightweight Merrells with no lining, and they’re a joy. I suspect boots+shoes is the way to go for long-distance … others on the trail seemed to favour them.
    I also use Sealskinz but found both socks and gloves let water through if you’re in wet for long enough, or in driving rain (for gloves).

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks for this Mike, very interesting and useful. No, Sealskins aren’t that durable and some folk can’t get comfortable in them at all but I find they’re good enough to get me out of trouble on a sudden cold day. As well as being prone to blisters my old feet ache a bit when they get hot and on the Hebridean Way I was actually seeking out cool water to walk through on the sunnier days! Best wishes A


  10. Stuart Price · · Reply

    Well said. I work in the footwear dept of a major outdoors supplier and routinely softly challenge customers assertions that they need waterproof boots.
    In order to reinforce my point I have relocated trail runners to the main footwear area to allow a quick comparison between say a Scarpa Delta and a Salomon Speedcross 4 ( my long distance shoe of choice).
    Many are open minded enough to try but many revert to fear based decisions and revert to what they know and end up ‘over booting’ for their needs.
    I also always use poles (Pacer) in my case and feel it does strengthen ankles. I am in no doubt though that the message is getting through and eventually the industry and is customers will respond.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Wow thanks Stuart for this knowledgeable support of my personal experience, great to hear. I must take a look at the Speedcross shoes. I just walked the PW in Inov-8 Roclites and they were very durable but the toe box is a bit narrow compared to my trusty Salomon X-Ultras. All good wishes A


    2. Trevor Watson · · Reply

      I like my Scarpa Deltas. They’re strong and rugged (unlike me). However based on the above article I walked the first 16 miles of the Pennine Way in a well run-in pair of Inov8 Roclite 295s with a 30kg pack and then back again the next day. Surprisingly enough my feet didn’t feel any different after 2 days of Pennine Way in Roclite to the 3 days I did in the Cairngorms in the Scarpas.
      I think I’d choose the Scarpas when there’s a lot of tough boulders to cross such as on Ben McDui and Cairn Toul etc, but for general trail, I’m definitely going to get a fresh pair of Roclites

      Liked by 1 person

      1. Trevor thanks for visiting and for this useful comment. I’ve just completed a Pennine Way in Roclites, not from any insight or expertise of my own but because they were recommended by Colin Ibbotson at tramplite.com. I don’t normally wear high-tops of any kind and would have defaulted to the 305s, but for the fact I saw some 325s going very cheap in a sale!! So I succumbed. Hence I got some blistering high up on the backs of my ankles when breaking them in but once this healed they were fine. The toe box is just a little narrow for me hence around days 7-8 I got some pinch blistering under my fourth toes. I find Salomons blister my little toes in the same way at about the same point on a trail, so same difference, a bit of Compeed and on you go 😉 Considering they feel like glorified slippers they’re amazingly durable, mine have now done about 350 miles of rough trails and are still completely serviceable with plenty of tread. Another revelation on this PW was I wore very lightweight mesh-top running socks (by Higher State, again bought in a sale for a couple of quid a pair 😉 ), these were harder wearing than previous very expensive Smartwool merinos and dried very quickly. I carry Sealskinz in case my feet get cold, but I didn’t need them at all on this occasion. Best wishes A


  11. The problem I find with waterproof membrane boots is that the membrane fails eventually anyway, leaving you with a lined boot – which is hotter+heavier than an unlined one – that doesn’t keep water out.

    I’ve decided to switch to non-membrane boots for general use and only pull out the goretex on occasions where extra waterproofing is necessary.


    1. That’s absolutely been my experience as well John, I’m glad it’s not just me. Once the membrane fails you are worse off. Yes, I too have a pair of ‘waterproof’ Meindls in the cupboard for winter day hikes,


  12. Hallelujah! I am so glad that I have found your website, Andrew. Relatively new to long-distance hiking .. okay, here’s the truth – last year was my first multiple day hike along Offa’s Dyke .. but now want to tackle the Pennine Way. Offa’s Dyke was completed in zero-rise Altra Lone Peak “trainers” and they were truly fantastic. Became soaked on the one day of rain encountered but dried out pretty quickly. Everyone I have spoken to has advised stout boots for the PW, even in summer, and I really, really had my doubts. Your advice has reassured me that I shall stick with the Altras. After all, my choice was made after spending hours and hours pouring over blogs and advice from hikers on the Pacific Crest Trail in the States, a mere 2,650 miles. They surely should know what is best. By the way, I want to try the PW with full camping gear (as for Offa’s Dyke) and I’m DEFINITELY an “oldie” at 63.
    One thing I would add about footwear is that I learned from the PCT bloggers, etc. that it is a good idea to buy at least one and a half sizes, or even two, bigger than normal to enable feet to spread and swell, which they inevitably do on longer distance. Also stops your toenails turning black and falling off!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Hello Louise and thanks very much for these kind comments, I’m glad you found the blog useful. I haven’t been writing much lately I’m afraid, but funnily I too bought a pair of Altras in a January sale, on the suggestion of someone on the Pennine Way Walkers Facebook group. I haven’t used them over any distance yet but they seem ideal, nice and wide in the toe. Last June I hiked 320 miles in a pair of Merrell shoes and the toebox was so narrow I ended up with open wounds I had to dress three timnes a day!! I’m sure you’re right about the larger size. For my first PW in shoes I bought 43’s even though I’d been wearing 42’s in all other shoes for forty years previously. This was because I’d been advised that Salomon shoes are always a bit small. Now after a number of long trails in 43’s I can’t go back to 42’s at all, not even in everyday shoes, I feel sure my forefeet have permanently expanded! I hope you do get around to the PW and enjoy it, it’s a great walk. All the best, A


  13. Hi Andrew nice to read your article and comments. I am really fed up with this waterproof membrane hype. I have had to return north face hedgehog trail shoes, haglofs skuta and now on a pair of north face hedgehog hike boots which are starting to leak after about 4 weeks of dog walking through wet morning grass! I have been treating the leather parts with scarpa cream, the best in the business and it still happens! I think the only sure way is wellies! I will no doubt be returning the current pair soon. I am limited because I have wide feet

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Hi Jason, thanks for visiting my blog. I have wide forefeet and narrow heels, back in August/September I walked the Pennine Way (again!) in Altra mesh shoes, they were brilliant, no blisters all the way. Wet feet all the way but I just don’t mind that now 😉 All the best, Andrew


  14. I generally wear boots that claim to be waterproof but very much take that with a pinch of salt!


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: